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A flared top deters entry into the cage above as well. Youth sports participation is rising among richer families, as children lower down the ladder exit the field Aug Catwalk ladder shall have 2" Grip-Strut ladder rungs of 14 gauge galvanized material. Custom built professional trailers that are long lasting. Catwalk theater - Construction - Structural Most catwalks have several battens pipes that lighting fixtures may be attached to attachment, fixtures generally have an additional safety cable attaching them to the catwalk, so that if the clamp or bolt gives way, the safety cable will catch the light protect the audience members and performers from the possibility of fixtures.

Ladder design is based on a modular system for easy assembly according to EN standards. Our industrial catwalk stairs provide safe access to elevated and hard-to-reach areas. Werner stages provide twist-free, traction-secure catwalk applications and platforms while working on homes, buildings and at elevated positions. Huge Catalog! Over 36, products in stock. When the glitter settles, you'll earn your just rewards.

Catwalk systems may be attached to overhead support structure or have members connected to the surface below. Ballymore is located in Parkesburg, Pennsylvania, and carried in catalogs such as Fastenal and Grainger. Close Block. The Metal Ladder can be used to access higher areas, similar to the Metal Staircase. We also offer aluminum extension planks at a pound capacity. They installed it on a catwalk used by our technicians in a jet engine test facility. Our standard construction is:. This steel ladder rack with an over-the-cab extension lets you haul ladders, pipes, lumber, and other long cargo on your truck.

Ladders are available for access to the top of all styles of aboveground tanks. Our retractable ladder can go as high as ft. Steel Walkways and Stairways Bar grating stairs offer superior grip under cold weather conditions, allowing snow to fall through the step itself and provide a safe climbing surface. The bidder is encouraged to inspect and determine the condition of property prior to bidding.

Catmax Clearnet is the perfect solution to all your pet ownership problems. Constructed of heavy-duty gauge steel with a durable powder coated finish, they can be easily attached to all racks. In black box theatres, catwalks and pipe grids may be the only architectural feature. SA Ladder has grown into a company with a national footprint in ladders, castors, access and materials handling equipment with offices throughout South Africa.

Stay safe whenever you're working on a ladder with our ladder accessories, including harnesses. Dual Handle Ladder. Ladder rack accessories and roof rack accessories are available for van and truck racks. Pascetti Steel Design completed catwalks with cage ladder access for three large transfer stations, two exterior areas and one interior station. Here we shall study the causes, symptoms and treatment options for the fear of heights, which is also known as acrophobia.

My non-helper, stomped over to where the hair was, and despite being at least 6 foot, even he had to stand on the step ladder to reach the hair. Also designed for heights of 7 feet to 10 feet, the Commercial Fold Down Fixed Ladders series feature a ceiling cut-out of 48 inches by 31 inches. Wheeled movable access with fall protection for truck and rail offers mobile flexibility. A-Mezz fixed ladders and cages are heavy-duty, safe and strong. Choose the optional handrail shown for additional support. OSHA clearance requirements regulate the amount of empty space that must be left around ladders in workplaces.

A year history is a testament to hard work and continuous improvement to meet our customer's needs. Flexible Lifeline Systems can custom engineer and quickly install a catwalk sys-tem for any need. Catwalk, Launch Bay, Ladder Complete your catwalk system with railings, gates and ladders or stairways from Steele Solutions. Our industrial catwalk is easy to assemble. Descend the ladder to this position, drop to the catwalk ahead and enter the opening on the other side. For example, a platform that is 6 feet wide cannot be elevated more than 24 feet.

PcP Gratings Ltd offers a range of both industrial and architectural grating solutions for a variety of applications. Word to describe movement of a cat I was told by my teacher that we could say "The cat steals down the ladder. Each self-supporting portable ladder: At least four times the maximum intended load, except that each extra-heavy-duty type 1A metal or plastic ladder shall sustain at least 3. The scope of work is associated with proposed improvements to the control tower and catwalk at the Terminal Building. He was about to disappear, but I made him go back up the ladder to get me some more hair and then I thanked him.

Catwalk stairs, often built to suit, are designed with space and access in mind — built to code and regulation. We have you covered with our high-quality products that perform!. Easily access your attic with one of our attic ladders. Some of our selections include aluminum ladders, cantilever ladders, crossover, rolling ladders, and many more. Our gates can be used for mezzanines, railing systems and in warehouses. Catwalk Safety Sign - WW Our fixed access ladders can be customized for your specific application and can be custom designed to meet even the most stringent of requirements.

What is a ship's ladder? A ship's ladder, as addressed by this guideline, means a permanently installed steep pitched stair-like structure having rigid treads supported by rigid side rails, with handrails on each side. So before you climb up there to hang holiday decorations or fix that roof before winter comes, take heed. More storage could be added to underneath it.

Designing employee work areas to be more accessible at the outset will avoid more costly retrofits when current employees become temporarily or permanently disabled, or when new employees with disabilities are hired. Raised structures used solely for refereeing, judging, or scoring a sport shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

Water slides shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Animal containment areas that are not for public use shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Public circulation routes where animals may travel, such as in petting zoos and passageways alongside animal pens in State fairs, are not eligible for the exception.

Raised boxing or wrestling rings shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Raised diving boards and diving platforms shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Within areas of sport activity, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with Within play areas, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with provided that ground level accessible routes provide vertical clearance in compliance with Operable parts on accessible elements, accessible routes, and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply with Operable parts that are intended for use only by service or maintenance personnel shall not be required to comply with Electrical or communication receptacles serving a dedicated use shall not be required to comply with Where two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen above a length of counter top that is uninterrupted by a sink or appliance, one outlet shall not be required to comply with Except for light switches, where redundant controls are provided for a single element, one control in each space shall not be required to comply with Cleats and other boat securement devices shall not be required to comply with Exercise machines and exercise equipment shall not be required to comply with Controls covered by Accessible routes shall be provided in accordance with and shall comply with Chapter 4.

Accessible routes shall be provided where required by At least one accessible route shall be provided within the site from accessible parking spaces and accessible passenger loading zones; public streets and sidewalks; and public transportation stops to the accessible building or facility entrance they serve. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities are permitted by An accessible route shall not be required between site arrival points and the building or facility entrance if the only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing pedestrian access.

Each site arrival point must be connected by an accessible route to the accessible building entrance or entrances served. Where two or more similar site arrival points, such as bus stops, serve the same accessible entrance or entrances, both bus stops must be on accessible routes. In addition, the accessible routes must serve all of the accessible entrances on the site.

Access from site arrival points may include vehicular ways. Where a vehicular way, or a portion of a vehicular way, is provided for pedestrian travel, such as within a shopping center or shopping mall parking lot, this exception does not apply. At least one accessible route shall connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces that are on the same site.

EXCEPTION: An accessible route shall not be required between accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces if the only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing pedestrian access. An accessible route is required to connect to the boundary of each area of sport activity. Examples of areas of sport activity include: soccer fields, basketball courts, baseball fields, running tracks, skating rinks, and the area surrounding a piece of gymnastic equipment. While the size of an area of sport activity may vary from sport to sport, each includes only the space needed to play.

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Where multiple sports fields or courts are provided, an accessible route is required to each field or area of sport activity. At least one accessible route shall connect each story and mezzanine in multi-story buildings and facilities. In private buildings or facilities that are less than three stories or that have less than square feet m2 per story, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories provided that the building or facility is not a shopping center, a shopping mall, the professional office of a health care provider, a terminal, depot or other station used for specified public transportation, an airport passenger terminal, or another type of facility as determined by the Attorney General.

Where a two story public building or facility has one story with an occupant load of five or fewer persons that does not contain public use space, that story shall not be required to be connected to the story above or below. In detention and correctional facilities, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories where cells with mobility features required to comply with In residential facilities, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories where residential dwelling units with mobility features required to comply with Within multi-story transient lodging guest rooms with mobility features required to comply with In air traffic control towers, an accessible route shall not be required to serve the cab and the floor immediately below the cab.

Spaces and elements located on a level not required to be served by an accessible route must fully comply with this document. While a mezzanine may be a change in level, it is not a story. If an accessible route is required to connect stories within a building or facility, the accessible route must serve all mezzanines. Where common use areas are provided for the use of residents, it is presumed that all such common use areas "serve" accessible dwelling units unless use is restricted to residents occupying certain dwelling units. For example, if all residents are permitted to use all laundry rooms, then all laundry rooms "serve" accessible dwelling units.

However, if the laundry room on the first floor is restricted to use by residents on the first floor, and the second floor laundry room is for use by occupants of the second floor, then first floor accessible units are "served" only by laundry rooms on the first floor. In this example, an accessible route is not required to the second floor provided that all accessible units and all common use areas serving them are on the first floor.

In alterations and additions, where an escalator or stair is provided where none existed previously and major structural modifications are necessary for the installation, an accessible route shall be provided between the levels served by the escalator or stair unless exempted by At least one accessible route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces and elements within the building or facility which are otherwise connected by a circulation path unless exempted by Raised courtroom stations, including judges' benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, and court reporters' stations shall not be required to provide vertical access provided that the required clear floor space, maneuvering space, and, if appropriate, electrical service are installed at the time of initial construction to allow future installation of a means of vertical access complying with , , , or without requiring substantial reconstruction of the space.

In assembly areas with fixed seating required to comply with , an accessible route shall not be required to serve fixed seating where wheelchair spaces required to be on an accessible route are not provided. Accessible routes shall not be required to connect mezzanines where buildings or facilities have no more than one story. In addition, accessible routes shall not be required to connect stories or mezzanines where multi-story buildings or facilities are exempted by Accessible routes must connect all spaces and elements required to be accessible including, but not limited to, raised areas and speaker platforms.

The exception does not apply to areas that are likely to be used by members of the public who are not employees of the court such as jury areas, attorney areas, or witness stands. In restaurants and cafeterias, an accessible route shall be provided to all dining areas, including raised or sunken dining areas, and outdoor dining areas. In buildings or facilities not required to provide an accessible route between stories, an accessible route shall not be required to a mezzanine dining area where the mezzanine contains less than 25 percent of the total combined area for seating and dining and where the same decor and services are provided in the accessible area.

In alterations, an accessible route shall not be required to existing raised or sunken dining areas, or to all parts of existing outdoor dining areas where the same services and decor are provided in an accessible space usable by the public and not restricted to use by people with disabilities. In sports facilities, tiered dining areas providing seating required to comply with shall be required to have accessible routes serving at least 25 percent of the dining area provided that accessible routes serve seating complying with and each tier is provided with the same services.

Examples of "same services" include, but are not limited to, bar service, rooms having smoking and non-smoking sections, lotto and other table games, carry-out, and buffet service. Examples of "same decor" include, but are not limited to, seating at or near windows and railings with views, areas designed with a certain theme, party and banquet rooms, and rooms where entertainment is provided. Where a circulation path directly connects a performance area to an assembly seating area, an accessible route shall directly connect the assembly seating area with the performance area.

An accessible route shall be provided from performance areas to ancillary areas or facilities used by performers unless exempted by Press boxes in assembly areas shall be on an accessible route. An accessible route shall not be required to press boxes in bleachers that have points of entry at only one level provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is square feet 46 m2 maximum. An accessible route shall not be required to free-standing press boxes that are elevated above grade 12 feet mm minimum provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is square feet 46 m2 maximum.

Where a facility contains multiple assembly areas, the aggregate area of the press boxes in each assembly area is to be calculated separately. For example, if a university has a soccer stadium with three press boxes elevated 12 feet mm or more above grade and each press box is square feet 14 m2 , then the aggregate area of the soccer stadium press boxes is less than square feet 46 m2 and Exception 2 applies to the soccer stadium.

If that same university also has a football stadium with two press boxes elevated 12 feet mm or more above grade and one press box is square feet 23 m2 , and the second is square feet 26 m2 , then the aggregate area of the football stadium press boxes is more than square feet 46 m2 and Exception 2 does not apply to the football stadium. Common use circulation paths within employee work areas shall comply with Common use circulation paths located within employee work areas that are less than square feet 93 m2 and defined by permanently installed partitions, counters, casework, or furnishings shall not be required to comply with Common use circulation paths located within employee work areas that are an integral component of work area equipment shall not be required to comply with Common use circulation paths located within exterior employee work areas that are fully exposed to the weather shall not be required to comply with Modular furniture that is not permanently installed is not directly subject to these requirements.

The Department of Justice ADA regulations provide additional guidance regarding the relationship between these requirements and elements that are not part of the built environment. EEOC can provide guidance regarding employers' obligations to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities. Large pieces of equipment, such as electric turbines or water pumping apparatus, may have stairs and elevated walkways used for overseeing or monitoring purposes which are physically part of the turbine or pump.

However, passenger elevators used for vertical transportation between stories are not considered "work area equipment" as defined in Section Amusement rides required to comply with shall provide accessible routes in accordance with Accessible routes serving amusement rides shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by Load and unload areas shall be on an accessible route.

Where load and unload areas have more than one loading or unloading position, at least one loading and unloading position shall be on an accessible route. When amusement rides are in the load and unload position, wheelchair spaces complying with Boat slips required to comply with Accessible routes serving recreational boating facilities shall comply with Chapter 4, except as modified by Where bowling lanes are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one of each type of bowling lane, shall be on an accessible route.

In court sports, at least one accessible route shall directly connect both sides of the court. Exercise machines and equipment required to comply with shall be on an accessible route. Fishing piers and platforms shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving fishing piers and platforms shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by At least one accessible route shall connect accessible elements and spaces within the boundary of the golf course.

In addition, accessible routes serving golf car rental areas; bag drop areas; course weather shelters complying with Holes required to comply with Accessible routes serving miniature golf facilities shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by Play areas shall provide accessible routes in accordance with Accessible routes serving play areas shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by At least one accessible route shall be provided within the play area. The accessible route shall connect ground level play components required to comply with Where three or fewer entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least one entry point shall be on an accessible route.

Where four or more entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least two entry points shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes shall coincide with or be located in the same area as general circulation paths. Where circulation paths are interior, required accessible routes shall also be interior. The accessible route must be in the same area as the general circulation path. This means that circulation paths, such as vehicular ways designed for pedestrian traffic, walks, and unpaved paths that are designed to be routinely used by pedestrians must be accessible or have an accessible route nearby.

Additionally, accessible vertical interior circulation must be in the same area as stairs and escalators, not isolated in the back of the facility. Entrances shall be provided in accordance with Entrance doors, doorways, and gates shall comply with and shall be on an accessible route complying with Where an alteration includes alterations to an entrance, and the building or facility has another entrance complying with that is on an accessible route, the altered entrance shall not be required to comply with Where no public entrance can comply with In addition to entrances required by Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a parking structure to a building or facility entrance, each direct access to the building or facility entrance shall comply with Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel or elevated walkway to a building or facility, at least one direct entrance to the building or facility from each tunnel or walkway shall comply with In transportation facilities, where different entrances serve different transportation fixed routes or groups of fixed routes, at least one public entrance serving each fixed route or group of fixed routes shall comply with Direct connections to other facilities shall provide an accessible route complying with from the point of connection to boarding platforms and all transportation system elements required to be accessible.

Any elements provided to facilitate future direct connections shall be on an accessible route connecting boarding platforms and all transportation system elements required to be accessible. Key stations and existing intercity rail stations required by Subpart C of 49 CFR part 37 to be altered, shall have at least one entrance complying with At least one accessible entrance to each tenancy in a facility shall comply with In residential dwelling units, at least one primary entrance shall comply with The primary entrance to a residential dwelling unit shall not be to a bedroom.

Where restricted entrances are provided to a building or facility, at least one restricted entrance to the building or facility shall comply with If a service entrance is the only entrance to a building or to a tenancy in a facility, that entrance shall comply with Where entrances used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel are provided at judicial facilities, detention facilities, or correctional facilities, at least one such entrance shall comply with Doors, doorways, and gates providing user passage shall be provided in accordance with Each entrance to a building or facility required to comply with Within a building or facility, at least one door, doorway, or gate serving each room or space complying with these requirements shall comply with In transient lodging facilities, entrances, doors, and doorways providing user passage into and within guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with In residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with Elevators provided for passengers shall comply with Where multiple elevators are provided, each elevator shall comply with In a building or facility permitted to use the exceptions to Elevators complying with or shall be permitted in multi-story residential dwelling units.

Where elements of existing elevators are altered, the same element shall also be altered in all elevators that are programmed to respond to the same hall call control as the altered elevator and shall comply with the requirements of for the altered element. Platform lifts shall comply with Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route in new construction in accordance with Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route in an existing building or facility.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to performance areas and speakers' platforms. Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to comply with the wheelchair space dispersion and line-of-sight requirements of and Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to incidental spaces which are not public use spaces and which are occupied by five persons maximum. Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to: jury boxes and witness stands; raised courtroom stations including, judges' benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, and court reporters' stations; and to depressed areas such as the well of a court.

Platform lifts shall be permitted where existing exterior site constraints make use of a ramp or elevator infeasible. This exception applies where topography or other similar existing site constraints necessitate the use of a platform lift as the only feasible alternative. While the site constraint must reflect exterior conditions, the lift can be installed in the interior of a building. For example, a new building constructed between and connected to two existing buildings may have insufficient space to coordinate floor levels and also to provide ramped entry from the public way.

In this example, an exterior or interior platform lift could be used to provide an accessible entrance or to coordinate one or more interior floor levels. Platform lifts shall be permitted to connect levels within transient lodging guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to load and unload areas serving amusement rides. Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to play components or soft contained play structures. Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to team or player seating areas serving areas of sport activity.

While the use of platform lifts is allowed, ramps are recommended to provide access to player seating areas serving an area of sport activity. Platform lifts shall be permitted to be used instead of gangways that are part of accessible routes serving recreational boating facilities and fishing piers and platforms. Security barriers, including but not limited to, security bollards and security check points, shall not obstruct a required accessible route or accessible means of egress. EXCEPTION: Where security barriers incorporate elements that cannot comply with these requirements such as certain metal detectors, fluoroscopes, or other similar devices, the accessible route shall be permitted to be located adjacent to security screening devices.

The accessible route shall permit persons with disabilities passing around security barriers to maintain visual contact with their personal items to the same extent provided others passing through the security barrier.

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Means of egress shall comply with section Where means of egress are permitted by local building or life safety codes to share a common path of egress travel, accessible means of egress shall be permitted to share a common path of egress travel. Areas of refuge shall not be required in detention and correctional facilities.

Standby power shall be provided for platform lifts permitted by section Where parking spaces are provided, parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with EXCEPTION: Parking spaces used exclusively for buses, trucks, other delivery vehicles, law enforcement vehicles, or vehicular impound shall not be required to comply with provided that lots accessed by the public are provided with a passenger loading zone complying with Parking spaces complying with shall be provided in accordance with Table Where more than one parking facility is provided on a site, the number of accessible spaces provided on the site shall be calculated according to the number of spaces required for each parking facility.

The term "parking facility" is used Section The number of parking spaces required to be accessible is to be calculated separately for each parking facility; the required number is not to be based on the total number of parking spaces provided in all of the parking facilities provided on the site. Ten percent of patient and visitor parking spaces provided to serve hospital outpatient facilities shall comply with The term "outpatient facility" is not defined in this document but is intended to cover facilities or units that are located in hospitals and that provide regular and continuing medical treatment without an overnight stay.

Doctors' offices, independent clinics, or other facilities not located in hospitals are not considered hospital outpatient facilities for purposes of this document. Twenty percent of patient and visitor parking spaces provided to serve rehabilitation facilities specializing in treating conditions that affect mobility and outpatient physical therapy facilities shall comply with Conditions that affect mobility include conditions requiring the use or assistance of a brace, cane, crutch, prosthetic device, wheelchair, or powered mobility aid; arthritic, neurological, or orthopedic conditions that severely limit one's ability to walk; respiratory diseases and other conditions which may require the use of portable oxygen; and cardiac conditions that impose significant functional limitations.

Parking spaces provided to serve residential facilities shall comply with Where at least one parking space is provided for each residential dwelling unit, at least one parking space complying with shall be provided for each residential dwelling unit required to provide mobility features complying with Where the total number of parking spaces provided for each residential dwelling unit exceeds one parking space per residential dwelling unit, 2 percent, but no fewer than one space, of all the parking spaces not covered by Where parking spaces are provided for persons other than residents, parking shall be provided in accordance with Table For every six or fraction of six parking spaces required by Parking spaces complying with that serve a particular building or facility shall be located on the shortest accessible route from parking to an entrance complying with Where parking serves more than one accessible entrance, parking spaces complying with shall be dispersed and located on the shortest accessible route to the accessible entrances.

In parking facilities that do not serve a particular building or facility, parking spaces complying with shall be located on the shortest accessible route to an accessible pedestrian entrance of the parking facility. All van parking spaces shall be permitted to be grouped on one level within a multi-story parking facility. Parking spaces shall be permitted to be located in different parking facilities if substantially equivalent or greater accessibility is provided in terms of distance from an accessible entrance or entrances, parking fee, and user convenience.

Factors that could affect "user convenience" include, but are not limited to, protection from the weather, security, lighting, and comparative maintenance of the alternative parking site. In residential facilities containing residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with Spaces provided in accordance with Passenger loading zones shall be provided in accordance with Passenger loading zones, except those required to comply with In bus loading zones restricted to use by designated or specified public transportation vehicles, each bus bay, bus stop, or other area designated for lift or ramp deployment shall comply with The terms "designated public transportation" and "specified public transportation" are defined by the Department of Transportation at 49 CFR These terms refer to public transportation services provided by public or private entities, respectively.

For example, designated public transportation vehicles include buses and vans operated by public transit agencies, while specified public transportation vehicles include tour and charter buses, taxis and limousines, and hotel shuttles operated by private entities. On-street bus stops shall comply with At least one passenger loading zone complying with shall be provided at an accessible entrance to licensed medical care and licensed long-term care facilities where the period of stay exceeds twenty-four hours. Parking facilities that provide valet parking services shall provide at least one passenger loading zone complying with Mechanical access parking garages shall provide at least one passenger loading zone complying with at vehicle drop-off and vehicle pick-up areas.

Interior and exterior stairs that are part of a means of egress shall comply with In detention and correctional facilities, stairs that are not located in public use areas shall not be required to comply with In alterations, stairs between levels that are connected by an accessible route shall not be required to comply with , except that handrails complying with shall be provided when the stairs are altered. Stairs that connect play components shall not be required to comply with Although these requirements do not mandate handrails on stairs that are not part of a means of egress, State or local building codes may require handrails or guards.

Where drinking fountains are provided on an exterior site, on a floor, or within a secured area they shall be provided in accordance with EXCEPTION: In detention or correctional facilities, drinking fountains only serving holding or housing cells not required to comply with shall not be required to comply with No fewer than two drinking fountains shall be provided. One drinking fountain shall comply with Where more than the minimum number of drinking fountains specified in EXCEPTION: Where 50 percent of the drinking fountains yields a fraction, 50 percent shall be permitted to be rounded up or down provided that the total number of drinking fountains complying with equals percent of drinking fountains.

Where provided, kitchens, kitchenettes, and sinks shall comply with Kitchens and kitchenettes shall comply with Where sinks are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one, of each type provided in each accessible room or space shall comply with Where toilet facilities and bathing facilities are provided, they shall comply with Where toilet facilities and bathing facilities are provided in facilities permitted by Where toilet rooms are provided, each toilet room shall comply with Where bathing rooms are provided, each bathing room shall comply with In alterations where it is technically infeasible to comply with , altering existing toilet or bathing rooms shall not be required where a single unisex toilet room or bathing room complying with Where multiple single user portable toilet or bathing units are clustered at a single location, no more than 5 percent of the toilet units and bathing units at each cluster shall be required to comply with Portable toilet units and bathing units complying with shall be identified by the International Symbol of Accessibility complying with Where multiple single user toilet rooms are clustered at a single location, no more than 50 percent of the single user toilet rooms for each use at each cluster shall be required to comply with These requirements allow the use of unisex or single-user toilet rooms in alterations when technical infeasibility can be demonstrated.

Unisex toilet rooms benefit people who use opposite sex personal care assistants. For this reason, it is advantageous to install unisex toilet rooms in addition to accessible single-sex toilet rooms in new facilities. A "cluster" is a group of toilet rooms proximate to one another. Generally, toilet rooms in a cluster are within sight of, or adjacent to, one another. Unisex toilet rooms shall contain not more than one lavatory, and two water closets without urinals or one water closet and one urinal. Unisex bathing rooms shall contain one shower or one shower and one bathtub, one lavatory, and one water closet.

Doors to unisex toilet rooms and unisex bathing rooms shall have privacy latches. Plumbing fixtures and accessories provided in a toilet room or bathing room required to comply with Where toilet compartments are provided, at least one toilet compartment shall comply with In addition to the compartment required to comply with A toilet compartment is a partitioned space that is located within a toilet room, and that normally contains no more than one water closet.

A toilet compartment may also contain a lavatory.

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A lavatory is a sink provided for hand washing. Full-height partitions and door assemblies can comprise toilet compartments where the minimum required spaces are provided within the compartment. Where water closets are provided, at least one shall comply with Where more than one urinal is provided, at least one shall comply with Where lavatories are provided, at least one shall comply with and shall not be located in a toilet compartment. Where mirrors are provided, at least one shall comply with Where bathtubs or showers are provided, at least one bathtub complying with or at least one shower complying with shall be provided.

Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in toilet rooms without toilet compartments, at least one of each type shall comply with Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in toilet compartments, at least one of each type complying with Where coat hooks or shelves are provided in bathing facilities, at least one of each type complying with Where provided, washing machines and clothes dryers shall comply with Where three or fewer washing machines are provided, at least one shall comply with Where more than three washing machines are provided, at least two shall comply with Where three or fewer clothes dryers are provided, at least one shall comply with Where more than three clothes dryers are provided, at least two shall comply with Where fire alarm systems provide audible alarm coverage, alarms shall comply with EXCEPTION: In existing facilities, visible alarms shall not be required except where an existing fire alarm system is upgraded or replaced, or a new fire alarm system is installed.

Unlike audible alarms, visible alarms must be located within the space they serve so that the signal is visible. Facility alarm systems other than fire alarm systems such as those used for tornado warnings and other emergencies are not required to comply with the technical criteria for alarms in Section Every effort should be made to ensure that such alarms can be differentiated in their signal from fire alarms systems and that people who need to be notified of emergencies are adequately safeguarded.

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Consult local fire departments and prepare evacuation plans taking into consideration the needs of every building occupant, including people with disabilities. Alarms in public use areas and common use areas shall comply with Where employee work areas have audible alarm coverage, the wiring system shall be designed so that visible alarms complying with can be integrated into the alarm system.

Guest rooms required to comply with Where provided in residential dwelling units required to comply with Signs shall be provided in accordance with and shall comply with Building directories, menus, seat and row designations in assembly areas, occupant names, building addresses, and company names and logos shall not be required to comply with In parking facilities, signs shall not be required to comply with In detention and correctional facilities, signs not located in public use areas shall not be required to comply with Interior and exterior signs identifying permanent rooms and spaces shall comply with Where pictograms are provided as designations of permanent interior rooms and spaces, the pictograms shall comply with Section A portion of a site containing play components designed and constructed for children.

Play Component. An element intended to generate specific opportunities for play, socialization, or learning. Play components are manufactured or natural; and are stand-alone or part of a composite play structure. Private Building or Facility. Public Building or Facility.

Public Entrance. An entrance that is not a service entrance or a restricted entrance. Public Use. Interior or exterior rooms, spaces, or elements that are made available to the public. Public use may be provided at a building or facility that is privately or publicly owned. Public Way. Any street, alley or other parcel of land open to the outside air leading to a public street, which has been deeded, dedicated or otherwise permanently appropriated to the public for public use and which has a clear width and height of not less than 10 feet mm.

Qualified Historic Building or Facility. A building or facility that is listed in or eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places, or designated as historic under an appropriate State or local law. Residential Dwelling Unit. A unit intended to be used as a residence, that is primarily long-term in nature. Residential dwelling units do not include transient lodging, inpatient medical care, licensed long-term care, and detention or correctional facilities.

Restricted Entrance. An entrance that is made available for common use on a controlled basis but not public use and that is not a service entrance. Running Slope. The slope that is parallel to the direction of travel see cross slope. Self-Service Storage.

Building or facility designed and used for the purpose of renting or leasing individual storage spaces to customers for the purpose of storing and removing personal property on a self-service basis. Service Entrance. An entrance intended primarily for delivery of goods or services. A parcel of land bounded by a property line or a designated portion of a public right-of-way. Soft Contained Play Structure. A play structure made up of one or more play components where the user enters a fully enclosed play environment that utilizes pliable materials, such as plastic, netting, or fabric.

A definable area, such as a room, toilet room, hall, assembly area, entrance, storage room, alcove, courtyard, or lobby. That portion of a building or facility designed for human occupancy included between the upper surface of a floor and upper surface of the floor or roof next above.

A story containing one or more mezzanines has more than one floor level. Structural Frame. The columns and the girders, beams, and trusses having direct connections to the columns and all other members that are essential to the stability of the building or facility as a whole. Technically Infeasible. With respect to an alteration of a building or a facility, something that has little likelihood of being accomplished because existing structural conditions would require removing or altering a load-bearing member that is an essential part of the structural frame; or because other existing physical or site constraints prohibit modification or addition of elements, spaces, or features that are in full and strict compliance with the minimum requirements.

Transfer Device. Equipment designed to facilitate the transfer of a person from a wheelchair or other mobility aid to and from an amusement ride seat. Transient Lodging. A building or facility containing one or more guest room s for sleeping that provides accommodations that are primarily short-term in nature. Transient lodging does not include residential dwelling units intended to be used as a residence, inpatient medical care facilities, licensed long-term care facilities, detention or correctional facilities, or private buildings or facilities that contain not more than five rooms for rent or hire and that are actually occupied by the proprietor as the residence of such proprietor.

Transition Plate. A sloping pedestrian walking surface located at the end s of a gangway. An abbreviation for teletypewriter. Machinery that employs interactive text-based communication through the transmission of coded signals across the telephone network. TTYs may include, for example, devices known as TDDs telecommunication display devices or telecommunication devices for deaf persons or computers with special modems.

TTYs are also called text telephones. Use Zone. The ground level area beneath and immediately adjacent to a play structure or play equipment that is designated by ASTM F incorporated by reference, see "Referenced Standards" in Chapter 1 for unrestricted circulation around the play equipment and where it is predicted that a user would land when falling from or exiting the play equipment.

Vehicular Way. A route provided for vehicular traffic, such as in a street, driveway, or parking facility. An exterior prepared surface for pedestrian use, including pedestrian areas such as plazas and courts. Work Area Equipment. Any machine, instrument, engine, motor, pump, conveyor, or other apparatus used to perform work. As used in this document, this term shall apply only to equipment that is permanently installed or built-in in employee work areas.

Work area equipment does not include passenger elevators and other accessible means of vertical transportation. All areas of newly designed and newly constructed buildings and facilities and altered portions of existing buildings and facilities shall comply with these requirements. These requirements are to be applied to all areas of a facility unless exempted, or where scoping limits the number of multiple elements required to be accessible. For example, not all medical care patient rooms are required to be accessible; those that are not required to be accessible are not required to comply with these requirements.

However, common use and public use spaces such as recovery rooms, examination rooms, and cafeterias are not exempt from these requirements and must be accessible. Where a site, building, facility, room, or space contains more than one use, each portion shall comply with the applicable requirements for that use. These requirements shall apply to temporary and permanent buildings and facilities.

Temporary buildings or facilities covered by these requirements include, but are not limited to, reviewing stands, temporary classrooms, bleacher areas, stages, platforms and daises, fixed furniture systems, wall systems, and exhibit areas, temporary banking facilities, and temporary health screening facilities. Structures and equipment directly associated with the actual processes of construction are not required to be accessible as permitted in Additions and alterations to existing buildings or facilities shall comply with Each addition to an existing building or facility shall comply with the requirements for new construction.

Each addition that affects or could affect the usability of or access to an area containing a primary function shall comply with Where existing elements or spaces are altered, each altered element or space shall comply with the applicable requirements of Chapter 2. Unless required by In alterations, where compliance with applicable requirements is technically infeasible, the alteration shall comply with the requirements to the maximum extent feasible. Residential dwelling units not required to be accessible in compliance with a standard issued pursuant to the Americans with Disabilities Act or Section of the Rehabilitation Act of , as amended, shall not be required to comply with Although covered entities are permitted to limit the scope of an alteration to individual elements, the alteration of multiple elements within a room or space may provide a cost-effective opportunity to make the entire room or space accessible.

Any elements or spaces of the building or facility that are required to comply with these requirements must be made accessible within the scope of the alteration, to the maximum extent feasible. If providing accessibility in compliance with these requirements for people with one type of disability e.

An alteration that decreases or has the effect of decreasing the accessibility of a building or facility below the requirements for new construction at the time of the alteration is prohibited. An alteration of an existing element, space, or area of a building or facility shall not impose a requirement for accessibility greater than required for new construction. In addition to the requirements of In existing transportation facilities, an area of primary function shall be as defined under regulations published by the Secretary of the Department of Transportation or the Attorney General. An area of a building or facility containing a major activity for which the building or facility is intended is a primary function area.

There can be multiple areas containing a primary function in a single building. Primary function areas are not limited to public use areas. For example, both a bank lobby and the bank's employee areas such as the teller areas and walk-in safe are primary function areas. Also, mixed use facilities may include numerous primary function areas for each use. Areas containing a primary function do not include: mechanical rooms, boiler rooms, supply storage rooms, employee lounges or locker rooms, janitorial closets, entrances, corridors, or restrooms.

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Alterations to a qualified historic building or facility shall comply with EXCEPTION: Where the State Historic Preservation Officer or Advisory Council on Historic Preservation determines that compliance with the requirements for accessible routes, entrances, or toilet facilities would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, the exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities for that element shall be permitted to apply.

State Historic Preservation Officers are State appointed officials who carry out certain responsibilities under the National Historic Preservation Act. State Historic Preservation Officers consult with Federal and State agencies, local governments, and private entities on providing access and protecting significant elements of qualified historic buildings and facilities.

There are exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings and facilities for accessible routes When an entity believes that compliance with the requirements for any of these elements would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, the entity should consult with the State Historic Preservation Officer.

If the State Historic Preservation Officer agrees that compliance with the requirements for a specific element would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, use of the exception is permitted. Public entities have an additional obligation to achieve program accessibility under the Department of Justice ADA regulations.

See 28 CFR These regulations require public entities that operate historic preservation programs to give priority to methods that provide physical access to individuals with disabilities. If alterations to a qualified historic building or facility to achieve program accessibility would threaten or destroy the historic significance of the building or facility, fundamentally alter the program, or result in undue financial or administrative burdens, the Department of Justice ADA regulations allow alternative methods to be used to achieve program accessibility.

In the case of historic preservation programs, such as an historic house museum, alternative methods include using audio-visual materials to depict portions of the house that cannot otherwise be made accessible. In the case of other qualified historic properties, such as an historic government office building, alternative methods include relocating programs and services to accessible locations. The Department of Justice ADA regulations also allow public entities to use alternative methods when altering qualified historic buildings or facilities in the rare situations where the State Historic Preservation Officer determines that it is not feasible to provide physical access using the exceptions permitted in Section Contact NEA about these and other resources at or www.

Sites, buildings, facilities, and elements are exempt from these requirements to the extent specified by Structures and sites directly associated with the actual processes of construction, including but not limited to, scaffolding, bridging, materials hoists, materials storage, and construction trailers shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Portable toilet units provided for use exclusively by construction personnel on a construction site shall not be required to comply with or to be on an accessible route.

Areas raised primarily for purposes of security, life safety, or fire safety, including but not limited to, observation or lookout galleries, prison guard towers, fire towers, or life guard stands shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Spaces accessed only by ladders, catwalks, crawl spaces, or very narrow passageways shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

Spaces frequented only by service personnel for maintenance, repair, or occasional monitoring of equipment shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Machinery spaces include, but are not limited to, elevator pits or elevator penthouses; mechanical, electrical or communications equipment rooms; piping or equipment catwalks; water or sewage treatment pump rooms and stations; electric substations and transformer vaults; and highway and tunnel utility facilities.

Single occupant structures accessed only by passageways below grade or elevated above standard curb height, including but not limited to, toll booths that are accessed only by underground tunnels, shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. In detention and correctional facilities, common use areas that are used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel and that do not serve holding cells or housing cells required to comply with , shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

In residential facilities, common use areas that do not serve residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with Spaces and elements within employee work areas shall only be required to comply with Employee work areas, or portions of employee work areas, other than raised courtroom stations, that are less than square feet 28 m2 and elevated 7 inches mm or more above the finish floor or ground where the elevation is essential to the function of the space shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

Although areas used exclusively by employees for work are not required to be fully accessible, consider designing such areas to include non-required turning spaces, and provide accessible elements whenever possible. Under the ADA, employees with disabilities are entitled to reasonable accommodations in the workplace; accommodations can include alterations to spaces within the facility.

Designing employee work areas to be more accessible at the outset will avoid more costly retrofits when current employees become temporarily or permanently disabled, or when new employees with disabilities are hired. Raised structures used solely for refereeing, judging, or scoring a sport shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Water slides shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Animal containment areas that are not for public use shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.

Public circulation routes where animals may travel, such as in petting zoos and passageways alongside animal pens in State fairs, are not eligible for the exception. Raised boxing or wrestling rings shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route. Raised diving boards and diving platforms shall not be required to comply with these requirements or to be on an accessible route.


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Within areas of sport activity, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with Within play areas, protruding objects on circulation paths shall not be required to comply with provided that ground level accessible routes provide vertical clearance in compliance with Operable parts on accessible elements, accessible routes, and in accessible rooms and spaces shall comply with Operable parts that are intended for use only by service or maintenance personnel shall not be required to comply with Electrical or communication receptacles serving a dedicated use shall not be required to comply with Where two or more outlets are provided in a kitchen above a length of counter top that is uninterrupted by a sink or appliance, one outlet shall not be required to comply with Except for light switches, where redundant controls are provided for a single element, one control in each space shall not be required to comply with Cleats and other boat securement devices shall not be required to comply with Exercise machines and exercise equipment shall not be required to comply with Controls covered by Accessible routes shall be provided in accordance with and shall comply with Chapter 4.

Accessible routes shall be provided where required by At least one accessible route shall be provided within the site from accessible parking spaces and accessible passenger loading zones; public streets and sidewalks; and public transportation stops to the accessible building or facility entrance they serve. Where exceptions for alterations to qualified historic buildings or facilities are permitted by An accessible route shall not be required between site arrival points and the building or facility entrance if the only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing pedestrian access.

Each site arrival point must be connected by an accessible route to the accessible building entrance or entrances served. Where two or more similar site arrival points, such as bus stops, serve the same accessible entrance or entrances, both bus stops must be on accessible routes. In addition, the accessible routes must serve all of the accessible entrances on the site. Access from site arrival points may include vehicular ways. Where a vehicular way, or a portion of a vehicular way, is provided for pedestrian travel, such as within a shopping center or shopping mall parking lot, this exception does not apply.

At least one accessible route shall connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces that are on the same site. EXCEPTION: An accessible route shall not be required between accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces if the only means of access between them is a vehicular way not providing pedestrian access. An accessible route is required to connect to the boundary of each area of sport activity.

Examples of areas of sport activity include: soccer fields, basketball courts, baseball fields, running tracks, skating rinks, and the area surrounding a piece of gymnastic equipment. While the size of an area of sport activity may vary from sport to sport, each includes only the space needed to play. Where multiple sports fields or courts are provided, an accessible route is required to each field or area of sport activity. At least one accessible route shall connect each story and mezzanine in multi-story buildings and facilities.

In private buildings or facilities that are less than three stories or that have less than square feet m2 per story, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories provided that the building or facility is not a shopping center, a shopping mall, the professional office of a health care provider, a terminal, depot or other station used for specified public transportation, an airport passenger terminal, or another type of facility as determined by the Attorney General.

Where a two story public building or facility has one story with an occupant load of five or fewer persons that does not contain public use space, that story shall not be required to be connected to the story above or below. In detention and correctional facilities, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories where cells with mobility features required to comply with In residential facilities, an accessible route shall not be required to connect stories where residential dwelling units with mobility features required to comply with Within multi-story transient lodging guest rooms with mobility features required to comply with In air traffic control towers, an accessible route shall not be required to serve the cab and the floor immediately below the cab.

Spaces and elements located on a level not required to be served by an accessible route must fully comply with this document. While a mezzanine may be a change in level, it is not a story. If an accessible route is required to connect stories within a building or facility, the accessible route must serve all mezzanines. Where common use areas are provided for the use of residents, it is presumed that all such common use areas "serve" accessible dwelling units unless use is restricted to residents occupying certain dwelling units.

For example, if all residents are permitted to use all laundry rooms, then all laundry rooms "serve" accessible dwelling units. However, if the laundry room on the first floor is restricted to use by residents on the first floor, and the second floor laundry room is for use by occupants of the second floor, then first floor accessible units are "served" only by laundry rooms on the first floor. In this example, an accessible route is not required to the second floor provided that all accessible units and all common use areas serving them are on the first floor. In alterations and additions, where an escalator or stair is provided where none existed previously and major structural modifications are necessary for the installation, an accessible route shall be provided between the levels served by the escalator or stair unless exempted by At least one accessible route shall connect accessible building or facility entrances with all accessible spaces and elements within the building or facility which are otherwise connected by a circulation path unless exempted by Raised courtroom stations, including judges' benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, and court reporters' stations shall not be required to provide vertical access provided that the required clear floor space, maneuvering space, and, if appropriate, electrical service are installed at the time of initial construction to allow future installation of a means of vertical access complying with , , , or without requiring substantial reconstruction of the space.

In assembly areas with fixed seating required to comply with , an accessible route shall not be required to serve fixed seating where wheelchair spaces required to be on an accessible route are not provided. Accessible routes shall not be required to connect mezzanines where buildings or facilities have no more than one story. In addition, accessible routes shall not be required to connect stories or mezzanines where multi-story buildings or facilities are exempted by Accessible routes must connect all spaces and elements required to be accessible including, but not limited to, raised areas and speaker platforms.

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The exception does not apply to areas that are likely to be used by members of the public who are not employees of the court such as jury areas, attorney areas, or witness stands. In restaurants and cafeterias, an accessible route shall be provided to all dining areas, including raised or sunken dining areas, and outdoor dining areas. In buildings or facilities not required to provide an accessible route between stories, an accessible route shall not be required to a mezzanine dining area where the mezzanine contains less than 25 percent of the total combined area for seating and dining and where the same decor and services are provided in the accessible area.

In alterations, an accessible route shall not be required to existing raised or sunken dining areas, or to all parts of existing outdoor dining areas where the same services and decor are provided in an accessible space usable by the public and not restricted to use by people with disabilities. In sports facilities, tiered dining areas providing seating required to comply with shall be required to have accessible routes serving at least 25 percent of the dining area provided that accessible routes serve seating complying with and each tier is provided with the same services.

Examples of "same services" include, but are not limited to, bar service, rooms having smoking and non-smoking sections, lotto and other table games, carry-out, and buffet service.

Examples of "same decor" include, but are not limited to, seating at or near windows and railings with views, areas designed with a certain theme, party and banquet rooms, and rooms where entertainment is provided. Where a circulation path directly connects a performance area to an assembly seating area, an accessible route shall directly connect the assembly seating area with the performance area.

An accessible route shall be provided from performance areas to ancillary areas or facilities used by performers unless exempted by Press boxes in assembly areas shall be on an accessible route. An accessible route shall not be required to press boxes in bleachers that have points of entry at only one level provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is square feet 46 m2 maximum. An accessible route shall not be required to free-standing press boxes that are elevated above grade 12 feet mm minimum provided that the aggregate area of all press boxes is square feet 46 m2 maximum.

Where a facility contains multiple assembly areas, the aggregate area of the press boxes in each assembly area is to be calculated separately. For example, if a university has a soccer stadium with three press boxes elevated 12 feet mm or more above grade and each press box is square feet 14 m2 , then the aggregate area of the soccer stadium press boxes is less than square feet 46 m2 and Exception 2 applies to the soccer stadium. If that same university also has a football stadium with two press boxes elevated 12 feet mm or more above grade and one press box is square feet 23 m2 , and the second is square feet 26 m2 , then the aggregate area of the football stadium press boxes is more than square feet 46 m2 and Exception 2 does not apply to the football stadium.

Common use circulation paths within employee work areas shall comply with Common use circulation paths located within employee work areas that are less than square feet 93 m2 and defined by permanently installed partitions, counters, casework, or furnishings shall not be required to comply with Common use circulation paths located within employee work areas that are an integral component of work area equipment shall not be required to comply with Common use circulation paths located within exterior employee work areas that are fully exposed to the weather shall not be required to comply with Modular furniture that is not permanently installed is not directly subject to these requirements.

The Department of Justice ADA regulations provide additional guidance regarding the relationship between these requirements and elements that are not part of the built environment. EEOC can provide guidance regarding employers' obligations to provide reasonable accommodations for employees with disabilities.

Large pieces of equipment, such as electric turbines or water pumping apparatus, may have stairs and elevated walkways used for overseeing or monitoring purposes which are physically part of the turbine or pump. However, passenger elevators used for vertical transportation between stories are not considered "work area equipment" as defined in Section Amusement rides required to comply with shall provide accessible routes in accordance with Accessible routes serving amusement rides shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by Load and unload areas shall be on an accessible route.

Where load and unload areas have more than one loading or unloading position, at least one loading and unloading position shall be on an accessible route. When amusement rides are in the load and unload position, wheelchair spaces complying with Boat slips required to comply with Accessible routes serving recreational boating facilities shall comply with Chapter 4, except as modified by Where bowling lanes are provided, at least 5 percent, but no fewer than one of each type of bowling lane, shall be on an accessible route.

In court sports, at least one accessible route shall directly connect both sides of the court. Exercise machines and equipment required to comply with shall be on an accessible route. Fishing piers and platforms shall be on an accessible route. Accessible routes serving fishing piers and platforms shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by At least one accessible route shall connect accessible elements and spaces within the boundary of the golf course. In addition, accessible routes serving golf car rental areas; bag drop areas; course weather shelters complying with Holes required to comply with Accessible routes serving miniature golf facilities shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by Play areas shall provide accessible routes in accordance with Accessible routes serving play areas shall comply with Chapter 4 except as modified by At least one accessible route shall be provided within the play area.

The accessible route shall connect ground level play components required to comply with Where three or fewer entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least one entry point shall be on an accessible route. Where four or more entry points are provided for soft contained play structures, at least two entry points shall be on an accessible route.

Accessible routes shall coincide with or be located in the same area as general circulation paths. Where circulation paths are interior, required accessible routes shall also be interior. The accessible route must be in the same area as the general circulation path. This means that circulation paths, such as vehicular ways designed for pedestrian traffic, walks, and unpaved paths that are designed to be routinely used by pedestrians must be accessible or have an accessible route nearby.

Additionally, accessible vertical interior circulation must be in the same area as stairs and escalators, not isolated in the back of the facility. Entrances shall be provided in accordance with Entrance doors, doorways, and gates shall comply with and shall be on an accessible route complying with Where an alteration includes alterations to an entrance, and the building or facility has another entrance complying with that is on an accessible route, the altered entrance shall not be required to comply with Where no public entrance can comply with In addition to entrances required by Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a parking structure to a building or facility entrance, each direct access to the building or facility entrance shall comply with Where direct access is provided for pedestrians from a pedestrian tunnel or elevated walkway to a building or facility, at least one direct entrance to the building or facility from each tunnel or walkway shall comply with In transportation facilities, where different entrances serve different transportation fixed routes or groups of fixed routes, at least one public entrance serving each fixed route or group of fixed routes shall comply with Direct connections to other facilities shall provide an accessible route complying with from the point of connection to boarding platforms and all transportation system elements required to be accessible.

Any elements provided to facilitate future direct connections shall be on an accessible route connecting boarding platforms and all transportation system elements required to be accessible. Key stations and existing intercity rail stations required by Subpart C of 49 CFR part 37 to be altered, shall have at least one entrance complying with At least one accessible entrance to each tenancy in a facility shall comply with In residential dwelling units, at least one primary entrance shall comply with The primary entrance to a residential dwelling unit shall not be to a bedroom.

Where restricted entrances are provided to a building or facility, at least one restricted entrance to the building or facility shall comply with If a service entrance is the only entrance to a building or to a tenancy in a facility, that entrance shall comply with Where entrances used only by inmates or detainees and security personnel are provided at judicial facilities, detention facilities, or correctional facilities, at least one such entrance shall comply with Doors, doorways, and gates providing user passage shall be provided in accordance with Each entrance to a building or facility required to comply with Within a building or facility, at least one door, doorway, or gate serving each room or space complying with these requirements shall comply with In transient lodging facilities, entrances, doors, and doorways providing user passage into and within guest rooms that are not required to provide mobility features complying with In residential dwelling units required to provide mobility features complying with Elevators provided for passengers shall comply with Where multiple elevators are provided, each elevator shall comply with In a building or facility permitted to use the exceptions to Elevators complying with or shall be permitted in multi-story residential dwelling units.

Where elements of existing elevators are altered, the same element shall also be altered in all elevators that are programmed to respond to the same hall call control as the altered elevator and shall comply with the requirements of for the altered element. Platform lifts shall comply with Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route in new construction in accordance with Platform lifts shall be permitted as a component of an accessible route in an existing building or facility.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide accessible routes to performance areas and speakers' platforms. Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to comply with the wheelchair space dispersion and line-of-sight requirements of and Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to incidental spaces which are not public use spaces and which are occupied by five persons maximum.

Platform lifts shall be permitted to provide an accessible route to: jury boxes and witness stands; raised courtroom stations including, judges' benches, clerks' stations, bailiffs' stations, deputy clerks' stations, and court reporters' stations; and to depressed areas such as the well of a court. Platform lifts shall be permitted where existing exterior site constraints make use of a ramp or elevator infeasible. This exception applies where topography or other similar existing site constraints necessitate the use of a platform lift as the only feasible alternative. While the site constraint must reflect exterior conditions, the lift can be installed in the interior of a building.

For example, a new building constructed between and connected to two existing buildings may have insufficient space to coordinate floor levels and also to provide ramped entry from the public way. In this example, an exterior or interior platform lift could be used to provide an accessible entrance or to coordinate one or more interior floor levels. Platform lifts shall be permitted to connect levels within transient lodging guest rooms required to provide mobility features complying with