Explore by phenotype GO. About the Portal The Sleep Disorder Knowledge Portal enables browsing, searching, and analysis of human genetic information linked to sleep disorders and related traits, while protecting the integrity and confidentiality of the underlying data. Explore genetic data related to sleep disturbance and circadian traits: Sleep Disorder Knowledge Portal.
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Four Common Causes of Night Sweats. Also known as sleep hyperhidrosis, this condition involves repeated episodes of extreme sweating that can leave your sheets drenched. Night sweats differ Sleep Apnea.
University Hospitals Solves Sleep Disorders
Learn more about how these medical devices can make a big difference in nighttime comfort for people with breathing issues. Nocturia or Frequent Urination at Night. A frequent need to get up and go to the bathroom to urinate at night is called nocturia. It differs Treatment options include continuous positive airway pressure CPAP , oral appliances for repositioning of the airway, surgery uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, reducing the tissue in the throat and improving airflow , and conservative treatments sleep positioning, weight loss.
Periodic limb movements consist of repetitive cycles of rhythmic movements, usually occurring in one or both legs but sometimes involving the arms. The history from a bed partner may be of jerking movements in sleep, therefore potentially resulting in confusion with epilepsy. On closer questioning, however, the movements are not clonic, are typically limited to a single limb, and occur many times during the night at regular intervals.
Most commonly, they occur in clusters every seconds with each movement lasting 0.
This is followed by movement of the legs with relief of the sensation. The movement can be suppressed voluntarily however typically the urge to move becomes overwhelming. As opposed to periodic limb movements, restless legs syndrome becomes manifest during wakefulness or drowsiness as opposed to sleep. Similar to periodic limb movements, however, a description of irresistible shaking of the legs could be confused with epilepsy; a major difference is that restless legs syndrome can be suppressed voluntarily while an epileptic seizure cannot be suppressed.
Other important associated conditions include iron deficiency anemia, pregnancy, peripheral neuropathy, and drugs neuroleptics, caffeine. Treatment of both conditions begins with a search for underlying cause. Insomnia Insomnia and daytime sleepiness are extremely common.
Insomnia can consist of difficulty falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, or both. There are many causes, but the most common are psychophysiological insomnia, primary insomnia. Insomnia also occurs commonly in the setting of medical and psychiatric illness. In this case, the best treatment is the treatment of the underlying condition although choice of sleeping drugs if needed can be influenced by coexisting problems. The treatment of insomnia depends on the underlying cause.
Middlesex Health: Sleep Disorder Center for Sleep Disorder Treatment // Middlesex Health
For short term insomnia due to relocation or stress no treatment may be required. Short acting sleeping agents can be used, the most common of which are zolpidem Ambien , zaleplon Sonata , and eszopiclone Lunesta. Eszopiclone lasts longer than zolpidem, so may be better for people who wake up during the night, but is more likely to still be in the system the next morning with drowsiness.
Benzodiazepines are also used commonly, although their tendency to disrupt sleep structure and the development of tolerance make these drugs less desirable. Most commonly used are temazepam Restoril and estazolam Prosom.
Rebound insomnia worse sleep when stopping the drug is more common with these. A number of antidepressant drugs can also be used for sleep.